How To Brush Teeth Properly?

How To Brush Teeth Properly?

Proper tooth brushing is crucial for oral well-being. Learning how to brush teeth properly using the correct techniques helps prevent cavities and gum problems and keeps your teeth strong and white. In this post, we will provide all the essential knowledge for adults seeking to improve their routine or parents wanting to guide their children on healthy brushing habits. 

The Importance of Proper Brushing

Brushing your teeth properly is essential for keeping your mouth healthy. It’s more than just swiping a toothbrush over your teeth; it’s about getting rid of the sticky film of bacteria (plaque) that forms on them. If you don’t remove plaque, it can cause cavities and gum disease, which are major reasons why adults lose their teeth. 

Here’s why brushing your teeth correctly is so important:

Prevents Cavities: By brushing your teeth regularly and correctly, you can remove the plaque that causes cavities. Using fluoride toothpaste properly also makes your tooth enamel stronger, making it harder for cavities to form.

Reduces the Risk of Gum Disease: Brushing helps prevent gum disease by removing plaque that accumulates along the gum line.

Fights Bad Breath: Brushing eliminates odour-causing bacteria and food particles, reducing bad breath. Cleaning the tongue also helps.

Brightens: Regular brushing removes stains on your teeth, improving your smile’s appearance.

Boosts Overall Health: Good oral health, including proper brushing, can mitigate the risk of health conditions such as heart disease and diabetes, promoting your overall well-being.

Saves Money: By preventing mouth problems like cavities and gum disease, proper brushing can save you a good amount of money on dental treatments later on.

What’s the Right Way to Brush Your Teeth?

To ensure effective brushing and prevent mouth issues, follow these steps:

How to Brush Your Teeth Properly Step-by-Step

Choose the Right Tools:

  • Opt for a soft-bristled toothbrush that suits your mouth’s size and shape. Soft bristles are gentler on gums and teeth. 
  • Use fluoride toothpaste as it strengthens tooth enamel and fights decay. Choose the toothpaste recommended for your age group.

The Correct Angle:

  • Hold your toothbrush at a 45-degree slant towards your gums. This allows the bristles to reach below the gumline and remove plaque buildup.

Gentle Circles:

  • Use gentle circular motions to clean. Avoid vigorous side-to-side brushing, which can damage gums and weaken enamel. 

Don’t Forget the Insides:

  • Don’t neglect the insides of your teeth. Brush these areas using the same circular motion as for the outside surfaces to remove plaque accumulation.

The Chewing Surfaces:

  • Focus on brushing the flat tops of your back teeth (molars and premolars) where you chew. Food and plaque often accumulate here, so clean them well.

The Tongue:

  • End your brushing session by cleaning your tongue. Use a toothbrush or tongue scraper to gently remove bacteria responsible for bad breath and freshen it up.

Additional Tips

  1. Duration: Brush for a minimum of two minutes, morning and night. This gives time to clean all parts of the mouth.
  2. Technique Over Force: Focus on brushing thoroughly, not on pressing hard. Gentle, careful brushing removes plaque without hurting the gums.
  3. Regular Replacement: Replace your toothbrush or head every 3-4 months or earlier if the bristles become rough. Worn brushes reduce cleaning effectiveness.


Learning proper teeth brushing requires patience and thoroughness. Whether you are using a manual or electric toothbrush, consistency and effective technique are necessary. Regular practice ensures a healthy mouth and a radiant smile. However, don’t overlook the importance of dental check-ups, as they proactively identify and address potential oral health concerns, maintaining your dental well-being.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do you rinse after brushing your teeth?

Avoid rinsing after brushing for a while. Spitting out toothpaste allows fluoride to stay on teeth, strengthening enamel and preventing cavities. If you must rinse, do so a few minutes after brushing.

How to brush teeth properly with an electric toothbrush?

  1. Angle the electric toothbrush head toward your teeth, just like a regular toothbrush, at a 45-degree angle to where your gums and teeth meet. 
  2. Switch on the toothbrush and let it do most of the work. 
  3. Gently move it across every part of your teeth, focusing on each tooth for a short while. 
  4. Brush all areas of your mouth thoroughly, including the outsides, insides, and chewing surfaces of your teeth. 
  5. Avoid pressing too hard; the bristles should only lightly touch your teeth and gums.

What is the healthiest way to brush your teeth?

Use a soft-bristled toothbrush with fluoride toothpaste. Brush twice daily for two minutes each time. Gently move the toothbrush in circles. Focus on the gum line, molars, and areas around fillings/crowns. Clean your tongue with a toothbrush or scraper to reduce bacteria and improve your breath.


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